Operational applications of satellite snowcover observations the proceedings of a workshop held August 18-20, 1975 at the Waystation, South Lake Tahoe, California by Workshop on Operational Applications of Satellite Snowcover Observations South Lake Tahoe, Calif. 1975.

Cover of: Operational applications of satellite snowcover observations | Workshop on Operational Applications of Satellite Snowcover Observations South Lake Tahoe, Calif. 1975.

Published by Scientific and Technical Information Office, National Aeronautics and Space Administration, for sale by the National Technical Information Service in Washington, Springfield, Va .

Written in English

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Subjects:

  • Snow-surveys -- Data processing -- Congresses.,
  • Hydrometeorology -- Data processing -- Congresses.,
  • Remote sensing -- Congresses.

Edition Notes

Includes bibliographies.

Book details

Statementedited by Albert Rango ; sponsored by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration and the University of Nevada, Reno.
SeriesNASA SP ; 391, NASA SP ;, 391.
ContributionsRango, Albert., United States. National Aeronautics and Space Administration., University of Nevada, Reno.
Classifications
LC ClassificationsGB1001.72.E45 W67 1975
The Physical Object
Paginationviii, 430 p. :
Number of Pages430
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL5013205M
LC Control Number76600640

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Operational applications of satellite snowcover observations: the proceedings of a workshop held Augustat the Waystation, South Lake Tahoe, California Author: Albert Rango. Abstract. The NASA Global Precipitation Measurement Mission core satellite was launched inand the data observations provided by this mission are freely available to scientists around the globe in near real time.

OPERATIONAL APPLICATIONS OF SATELLITE SNOW/COVER OBSERVA- TIONS AND LANDSAT DATA COLLECTION SYSTEMS OPERATIONS IN CENTRAL ARIZONA. Herbert H, Schumann, U.S. Geological Survey, Phoenix, AZ. ABSTRACT Repetitive LANDSAT and NOAA-4 satellite imagery together with aerial surveys are being evaluated to develop an operational capability for mapping snow- cover File Size: 5MB.

Operational Applications of Satellite Snow Cover Observations Rango, Albert; Abstract. Publication: Journal of the American Water Resources Association. Pub Date: December DOI: /jtbx Bibcode: JAWRAR full text sources Cited by: Summary of the Operational Applications of Satellite Snowcover Observations Working Session - Aug Salomonson, V.

V.; Rango, A. Abstract. Not Available. Publication: Aircraft Engine Noise Reduction. Pub Date: Bibcode: NASSPS No Sources Found Cited by: 1. OPERATIONAL APPLICATIONS OF SATELLITE SNOW COVER OBSERVATIONS. Head, Hydrological Sciences Branch, Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, Maryland Head, Hydrological Sciences Branch, Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, Maryland Cited by: AIREX: Operational applications of satellite snowcover observations in Rio Grande drainage of Colorado Various mapping techniques were tried and evaluated.

There were many problems encountered such as distinquishing clouds from snow and snow under trees. A partial solution to some of the problems involves ground reconnaissance and low air flights.

This book offers a complete overview Operational applications of satellite snowcover observations book the measurement of precipitation from space, which has made considerable advancements during the last two decades. This is mainly due to the Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission and a carefully maintained constellation of satellites hosting microwave sensors.

Suggested Citation:"2 Core Observational Needs."National Research Council. The Role of Small Satellites in NASA and NOAA Earth Observation gton, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: /   Snow cover extent in the U.S. and the rest of the Northern Hemisphere is observed from satellites.

Current and recent snow-cover graphics are available here. Archived fractional snow cover for the U.S. (percentage of snow cover at a location, as opposed to snow/snow-free) is available on the Interactive Maps page but is no longer current.

The Workshop on Operational Applications of Satellite Snowcover Observations at the Waystation in South Lake Tahoe, California, August, was held primarily to bring the various cooperating agencies together for an information exchange of analysis techniques, results, and problem solving.

Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite (GOES) imager instruments provide temporally and horizontally high-resolution imager observations at visible, near-infrared, and infrared ranges of the electromagnetic spectrum.

Operational applications of satellite snowcover observations: proceedings of a final workshop sponsored by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration and the University of Nevada, Reno, and held at Sparks, Nevada, April Physical parameters – the so-called Level 1 products – are extracted from satellite observations at our headquarters, together with some geophysical parameters – the so-called Level 2 products.

The Products page has a full list of products, which primarily support the application needs for Nowcasting and Numerical Weather Prediction (NWP). Various techniques for reducing the satellite data to a form usable by the operational agencies were covered in mini-presentations by the operational satellite snow interpretive personnel.

Similar discussions were made by operational agency stream flow forecasters on how satellite-derived snow data could be incorporated into runoff forecasting methods.

Barnes, J. C., and Smallwood, M. D., Synopsis of current satellite snow mapping techniques with emphasis on the application of near-infrared data.

In Rango, A. (ed.), Operational Applications of Satellite Snowcover Observations. NASA Special Publication SP. AIRBORNE SNOW SURVEY PROGRAM. The NOHRSC measures snow water equivalent and soil moisture using gamma radiation remote sensing.

This unique observing system includes two low-flying aircraft to conduct surveys in 31 states, including Alaska, as well as in 8 Canadian provinces. Atmospheric Satellite Observations: Variation Assimilation and Quality Assurance provides an invaluable reference for satellite data assimilation.

Topics covered include linear algebra, frequently used statistical methods, the interpolation role of function fitting, filtering when dealing with real observations, minimization in data assimilation systems, 3D-Var and the inverse problem it.

References Brown, A. and J. Hannaford, (), Interpretation of snowcover from satellite imagery for use in water supply forecasts in the Sierra Nevada, Proceedings of the NASA Workshop on Operational Applications of Satellite Observations, South Lake Tahoe, Calif., AugustNASA SP, Cited by: 1.

Rango, ; Barnes and Bowley, ). As a result, an Applications Systems Veri-fication and Transfer (ASVT) program was established, whose major thrust was to extend these efforts to operational forecasting. The operational employment of satellite snowcovered area measurement (SATSCAM).

Reliable observations of the snow cover are difficult to obtain without sat-ellites. This paper introduces a new algorithm for satellite-based snow-cover detection that is in operational use for Meteosat in the European Organisation for the Exploitation of Meteorological Satellites Satellite Application Facility on Land Surface Analysis (LSA SAF).

- observations made by measurement, visual observation, using remote sensing or acquired from external sources - output from atmospheric and oceanographic models, acquired by processing the sector’s own models of acquired from institutes abroad.

Additionally, the sector develops user-specific applications and models for processing the basicFile Size: 1MB. The book covers Earth observation on a global scale, there are hundreds of spaceborne missions defined and more than spaceborne sensors. Satellite Missions Visit the eoPortal database to find out about spaceborne EO missions and sensors to discover more about past, operational.

Schumann, H.H.,Applications systems verification and transfer project - Volume II: Operational applications of satellite snow-cover observations and data-collections systems in the Arizona test site: U.S.

National Aeronautics and Space Administration Technical Paper54 p. [NTIS N]. THE EARTH OBSERVATION HANDBOOK: The CEOS Earth Observation Handbook presents the main capabilities of satellite Earth observations, their applications and a systematic overview of present and planned CEOS agency Earth observation satellite missions and their instruments.

Five southern Sierra snowmelt basins and two northern Sierra-Southern Cascade snowmelt basins were used to evaluate the effect on operational water supply forecasting from satellite imagery.

Manual photointerpretation techniques were used to obtain SCA and equivalent snow line for the years to for the seven test basins using LANDSAT imagery and GOES imagery.

Historically, such fields have been constructed by a blending of in situ observations from ships and buoys and satellite infrared observations from the Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer (AVHRR) that has been operational on NOAA satellites since November Cited by: Paul M.

DiGiacomo, A champion for oceans and waters. 4 December - In early November,the Group on Earth Observations (GEO) convened its annual plenary meeting, GEO Weekin Canberra, Australia.

During a special awards ceremony held during GEO WeekDr. Paul DiGiacomo (Chief, Satellite Oceanography & Climatology Division) was awarded the GEO Individual. Only observations from Earth-orbiting satellites offer such information on the global scale. In view of the importance of predictions of weather and climate to human activities, it is important to examine the progress made in the application of satellite data to weather forecasting, climate prediction and climate model validation.

The emergence and utilization of such a radically new tool as the observation satellite will undoubtedly result in the development of applications and techniques not yet imagined or foreseeable. Satellite observations can be obtained with sufficient detail for military reconnaissance, inspection operations, mapping, and Earth-science studies.

Information on snow properties is of critical relevance for a wide range of scientific studies and operational applications, mainly for hydrological purposes. However, the ground-based monitoring of snow dynamics is a challenging task, especially over complex topography and under harsh environmental conditions.

Remote sensing is a powerful resource providing snow observations at a large scale Cited by: 2. Book Description. Filling the need for a comprehensive book that covers both theory and application, Remote Sensing of Land Use and Land Cover: Principles and Applications provides a synopsis of how remote sensing can be used for land-cover characterization, mapping, and monitoring from the local to the global contributions by leading scientists from around the world, this well.

Monitoring of snow cover from satellite remote sensing observations – possibilities for drought assessment Chapter (PDF Available) March with Reads How we measure 'reads'. Satellite Observations to Benefit Science and Society: Recommended Missions for the Next Decade brings the next ten years into focus for the Earth and environmental science community with a prioritized agenda of space programs, missions, and supporting activities that will best serve scientists in the next decade.

These missions will address a broad range of societal needs, such as more. The Earth constantly rotates counterclockwise underneath the path of the satellite making for a different view with each orbit. It takes the satellite approximately hours complete a full orbit.

In a hour period, the 14 orbits of each polar satellite provide two complete views of weather around the world. Discover more about past, operational and future missions in the Satellite Missions database, which offers an extensive list of articles about spaceborne EO missions and sensors.

Categorised from A to Z and by Space Agency, there are over in-depth articles of satellite missions from to   The TADS contract calls on SAIC to provide new enterprise hardware and software, as well as sustainment operations for integrated IT systems that can “ingest weather observations, satellite Author: Carten Cordell.

Starting with IRS-1A inISRO has launched many operational remote sensing satellites. Today, India has one of the largest constellations of remote sensing satellites in operation.

Currently, *thirteen* operational satellites are in Sun-synchronous orbit – RESOURCESAT-1, 2, 2A CARTOSAT-1, 2, 2A, 2B, RISAT-1 and 2, OCEANSAT-2, Megha-Tropiques, SARAL and SCATSAT-1, and *four* in.

Satellite Projects Handbook: Weather Satellites and Beyond As an introduction to satellite operations it provides the layman with the necessary information to set up a receiving system for producing weather satellite pictures.

It describes a wealth of fascinating projects using affordable and readily available : Paperback. The three assimilation experiments are performed either (1) with the unscaled satellite observations, or (2) using the anomaly information in the observations, i.e., after scaling these observations to avoid systematic differences in model and observation climatologies (see section for details).Cited by:.

Abstract. The present review of weather-satellite systems, data, and environmental applications encompasses the evolution of space-based weather observation, national observing capabilities, sensor data and processing, climate and meteorological applications, applications to land, agriculture, and ocean sciences, and some future : Rao, P.K.CHAPTER 10 APPLICATIONS OF GEOSTATIONARY SATELLITE SOUNDING DATA Detection of Temporal and Spatial Gradients The algorithms for deriving meteorological parameters from sounding radiance data have been implemented by NOAA/NESDIS so that real time GOES data ingest is translated into near real time (within one hour) parameter Size: 2MB.Quantifying the Added Value of Snow Cover Area Observations in Passive Microwave Snow Depth Data Assimilation Article (PDF Available) in Journal of Hydrometeorology 16(4) April.

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